Even if you didn’t feel that your drinking interfered with your sleep, your alcoholism likely harmed your sleep patterns and overall sleep health. After finishing an alcohol detox program, some people find that they’re having trouble with sleep and feeling tired after quitting drinking. So, what’s causing this post-alcohol fatigue, and what can be done about it?
Since we’re in the realm of sleep and alcohol, we also wanted to clarify whether alcohol promotes a goodnight’s sleep or not. Since alcohol is a CNS depressant, it can lead to sedative side effects when consumed, such as drowsiness, relaxation, and sleepiness. However, consuming alcohol in excess or for long periods can have a negative impact on your sleep schedule.
The relationship between alcohol and sleep has been studied since the 1930s, but much is still unknown. Research has shown sleepers who drink large amounts of alcohol before going to bed are more likely to experience a delayed onset of sleep, meaning they take longer to fall asleep.1 As liver enzymes metabolize alcohol during the night, these individuals are also likely to wake up or experience sleep disruptions.
Additionally, alcohol has also been linked to sleep apnea. This is a potentially serious sleep disorder in which the person’s breathing stops and starts. While age and obesity are common risk factors, alcohol can lead to weight gain and cause other side effects that could contribute to sleep apnea. So, to be clear, no, alcohol does not help you sleep.
When you’re addicted to alcohol, your body relies on it to feel normal. Alcohol acts as a central nervous system depressant, which means it targets your central nervous system and slows down functions like heart rate, respiratory rate, brain activity, and blood pressure. This is why people often feel side effects like calmness, relaxation, or sleepiness when they drink.
In cases when the person abuses alcohol or consumes it heavily for long periods, they may develop alcohol dependence. This is when the body becomes accustomed to operating with the substance in its system. Alcohol dependence is also marked by severe withdrawal symptoms, which take place when the individual cuts back or suddenly quits drinking.
Depending on the severity of the person’s drinking and the state of their overall health, unmanaged alcohol withdrawal can be extremely unpleasant and sometimes life-threatening. In addition, one might experience symptoms like shaking hands, anxiety, sweating, headache, insomnia, and extreme fatigue when detoxing from alcohol. Extreme fatigue after drinking alcohol is also referred to as alcohol withdrawal fatigue, which can occur as the body adjusts to functioning without the substance.
If you’ve been feeling tired after quitting drinking, you’re likely dealing with sleep issues that are the main culprit of your exhaustion. Experiencing sleep problems after quitting alcohol is more common than you may think, and several factors can cause them.
Common causes of post-alcohol fatigue syndrome and the effects of alcohol on sleep include:1
Each factor has a different influence on sleep as well as on exhaustion after quitting alcohol. Heavy, chronic drinking can cause disruptions to your body’s natural wake and sleep cycles (circadian rhythm) which can result in sleep problems after quitting alcohol. Alcohol can also impact other functions throughout the body, causing a domino effect and ultimately impacting your ability to sleep soundly.
Additionally, any level of alcohol use can lead to dehydration, which in turn causes blood pressure to drop and circulation to slow down. This means less oxygen and blood flow are reaching the brain, which can cause fatigue. If you’ve ever experienced low blood pressure or know someone who has, fatigue can be a slightly frustrating symptom and even a potentially dangerous one in certain situations, such as when you’re driving.
Furthermore, while there are many illnesses related to alcoholism, liver damage is one of the most common long-term effects of chronic alcohol consumption. Patients who are struggling with liver cirrhosis, which is liver damage typically caused by chronic alcohol consumption, are more likely to experience sleep problems.2 Liver damage is associated with difficulties in sleep-wake cycles, but it’s not all bad news. The good news is that sleep problems related to liver damage can resolve within three months after a person quits drinking.1
People recovering from alcohol abuse may sleep a lot in the early stages of sobriety, especially during the day. A pattern of heavy alcohol use often correlates with daytime sleepiness as the body adjusts to less alcohol.
Drinking is also linked to higher rates of sleep disorders such as insomnia and obstructive sleep apnea. People who suffer from these disorders also tend to experience daytime sleepiness as well. They may take short cat naps throughout the day or frequently complain of feeling tired.
So, how can these factors associated with recovery from alcohol and exhaustion be addressed? Generally, many of these problems resolve themselves within a few months of sobriety. But additional steps can be taken to properly cope with and mitigate sleep problems after quitting alcohol.
Newly sober people can get more restful sleep and avoid severe alcohol detox exhaustion by:
But how long does post-alcohol fatigue last? The duration of exhaustion after quitting alcohol depends on the severity of the person’s drinking and whether they’ve implemented the tips we listed above. The more of a healthy routine you try to develop, the quicker you’ll be able to stop feeling tired after quitting drinking and feel like yourself again.
Long-term alcohol abuse can affect more than just your quality of sleep. It can impact your health in other ways - your career, your relationships, and more. If you or someone you care about is battling alcohol abuse, don’t wait to get help.
Call our team at Banyan Treatment Centers to learn more about our alcohol addiction treatment, medically monitored detox, rehab, and tips for staying energized in recovery. Call 888-280-4763 to get started or fill out our contact form, and we’ll reach out to you within 24 hours.